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Natural Pest Control Mechanisms

by Agric Economy
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a bald man spraying pesticide on paddy field

In the past, farmers that used monoculture systems to grow fruit extensively relied on pesticides to only produce high-quality fruit that was free of pests and diseases. Today, it is commonly acknowledged that this pest control mechanism is a poor choice in terms of sustainability.

 Fruit growers still use chemicals to control pests and illnesses, but three to four months prior to the harvesting season they must find other methods due to the maximum residue restrictions put on chemical use. But chemicals have proven not to be favourable option now that sustainable agriculture is all we yearn for.

Some of the bothersome pests that infiltrate our farms are wasps, flies, and mosquitoes. As if that weren’t horrible enough, they can spread illnesses and diseases.

But you can use natural insect repellents rather than damaging chemicals that are also hazardous for the environment to protect your farm. They are cost-effective, eco-friendly, and safe.

“The use of natural enemies is considered the best alternative means of control,” says  Hannah Otto, insect breeding expert.

Pest control? ‘Breed’ natural enemies. There are many options, so we’ve compiled our top 4 natural pest control techniques to assist you get rid of creepy crawlies from your farm:

1. Cucumber

An ant is kept at bay by a cucumber’s natural insect repellent properties. They dislike the fragrance of cucumber peel because it contains a substance called trans-2-nonenal that is poisonous to a particular kind of fungus that ants eat. Simply place slices of cucumber in strategic locations throughout the farm such as next to cracks or other access spots.

2. Garlic

While many people like the taste and smell of garlic (except while they’re kissing), bugs hate the strong odor. Certain species, including some caterpillars and pea aphids, are poisoned by the hot vegetable as well. Two garlic bulbs should be peeled, crushed, and added to half a cup of water to make an easy natural garlic insecticide that may be let to sit in you farm all the time.

3. Basil

In addition to being a culinary hero who brings life to meals and salads, basil also acts as a potent mosquito and fly repellant. There is no need to crush the leaves or make any other preparations because the herb has a potent scent. Simply place plants in containers close to doors and windows to deter insects. Additionally, since plants are poisonous to mosquito larvae, you can arrange them close to any standing water.

4. Citrus

Lemons can be used as an antibacterial, stain remover, and beautification aid. Another strong, affordable, and efficient method to get rid of bugs in the farm is to use citrus fruits. Slices of peel can be placed in areas of your farm where bugs are regularly spotted, juice can be made into a spray, essential oils can be used, or all three. Peels can also be rubbed into areas where insects gather. Peels from oranges and grapefruits are also acceptable. 

Honestly, natural pest control techniques are very effective and safe. No, you don’t want to lose the millions of naira you poured into your farm to the cold hands of pests. Protecting yourself from annoying and dangerous pests naturally is really simple.

Please go ahead and breed these natural enemies for pest control and enjoy pest-free farm, going forward.

Good luck.

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