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Smart hints for a beginner cowpea farmer in Nigeria

by Agric Economy
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Beans farming

The name “cowpea” is the first inconsistency. Is that actually a pea, looking at it? In fact, you may ask: “Why pea instead of bean given that it resembles the common bean.”

Oh well, at least you are not alone. Everyone has the same confusion. This is due to the black-eyed pea’s closer resemblance to a bean than a pea. In actuality, the black-eyed pea looks nothing like the majority of pea cultivars but has a lot in common with the common bean in terms of appearance. Cowpea is therefore used in cooking in much the same way as the familiar ordinary bean.

Again, you may have noticed that the terms “cowpea” and “black-eyed pea” are used interchangeably. It is accurate. Because black-eyed pea is a kind of cowpea, you can say either word.

Cowpeas are an annual crop. There are two primary types of black-eyed peas. They consist of a shrub, vine, or pole. Since it doesn’t require stakes to twine, the bush version is thought to be simpler to grow. On the other hand, vines need to stay off the ground, thus they must be staked. Before planting, make sure the trellis, teepee, fence, or other suitable stake is in place. The vine still enjoys full sun exposure but requires more water, especially in hot climates. Pole beans start to produce before bush beans, and they frequently arrive all at once. Before they begin to produce, pole beans require time to grow their vines. It does carry on producing for a couple of months. What kind of variety do you want to cultivate? Feel free to decide, please.

The growing maturity of the black-eyed pea lasts for 80 to 100 days. Direct seeding is preferable because transplanting does not work well for it. Onions, garlic, and other crops from the allium family should not be planted together.

Choose and prepare your soil for your land the same way you would for common beans. You should have well-draining soil. Add compost manure to enrich. To ensure the proper pH level, don’t forget to test the soil. It should either be acidic or neutral. You’ll have a large harvest if the sun is shining. So go ahead.

As a beginner, follow the directions on the seed packet for planting. The bush variety may require a little extra space in-between depending on the kind. Simply adhere to the directions. Directly plant your seeds right now; follow up with water and mulch. As temperatures rise, mulching is essential for keeping soil hydrated.

Hope you got a tip or two here to help you. The good news about black-eyed peas is that they are self-fertile, exactly like common beans. This indicates that it doesn’t rely on insects to pollinate it. So go ahead.

Good luck.

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